Change in support for migrants from visa-free countries and the ring around Europe that voluntarily want to return with IOM.
The Hague On 8th June, the State Secretary of Justice and Security decided that previously excluded categories of migrants would once again be entitled to support under the REAN program. This decision was taken in response to an evaluation based on previously adopted measures.
IOM may support the following categories of migrants who apply for voluntary return as of 1st July:
- Migrants from the Western Balkans (Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia), Moldova, Ukraine and Georgia if they belong to the DT&V case load. Vulnerable migrants from these countries that do not belong to the DT&V case load can also return via the REAN program.
- Migrants coming from the ring around Europe (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Lebanon, Turkey, Belarus and Russia) are again eligible for a financial contribution (OSB) upon their voluntary departure with IOM.
- Migrants from the Western Balkans, Moldova, Ukraine, Georgia and the ring around Europe are eligible for up to €100 OSB but only if they have insufficient resources to travel from the airport to their final destination after arrival.
- Migrants from other visa-free countries will be able to use the REAN programme, including €200 OSB.
For more information on voluntary return support, please refer to our website.
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N.B. Below information applies to migrants who apply for voluntary return assistance from IOM from 1 July 2017 onwards.
Previous arrangements for reintegration assistance (including the HRT-programme) cease to apply from 1 July 2017. Migrants who have applied for IOM return assistance before 1 July 2017 will have to depart on 31 August 2017 at the latest in order to receive reintegration assistance under the old arrangements.
AVRR-NL (Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration)
Migrants in the Netherlands, who would like to return to their country of origin or who are eligible for resettlement in a third country, can ask IOM to assist them based on the REAN programme. Additionally, migrants can receive assistance from the AVRR-NL project (Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration). The AVRR-NL contribution supports the reintegration of migrants in their country of origin or in a third country.
Assistance in kindThe AVRR-NL project offers a reintegration budget of maximum 1800 Euro for adults, 2800 Euro for minor children returning with their family and 2800 for unaccompanied minor children. This money is not paid in cash, but is given in goods and/or services (so called ‘in kind’ assistance). The amount can be used for an income generating activity (such as a small business), education and, if necessary, on accommodation.
Before departure, the returnee will prepare a reintegration plan with an IOM counsellor, in which he/she explains how the budget will be used. Once back in the country of origin, the plan is discussed with an IOM employee. Based on the wishes and experience of the migrant, the possibilities in the country of origin and the advice of IOM, a final reintegration plan will be determined. IOM in the country of origin will ensure the payment to the service provider and/or suppliers of goods.
Migrants can choose to receive maximum 300 Euro of their total budget in cash. This amount will be distributed by IOM upon departure from Schiphol airport on a debit card. The remaining amount of minimum 1500 Euro (or minimum 2500 Euro for a minor) can only be spend in kind in the country of origin.
- the migrant meets the REAN conditions (see REAN-programme);
- the migrant has the nationality from a country on the AVRR-NL Country List. Most of the countries on the list have an IOM office that can also offer reintegration assistance
- the migrant is not registered with another organization offering reintegration assistance
- the migrant has no entry ban for more than 5 years, is not declared persona non grata and/or been convicted for severe crimes
- the migrant has not been denied a residence permit on basis of article 1F of the Refugee Convention
For more information about reintegration assistance you can contact IOM on 088-746 44 66.
Changes in REAN Programme as of 1 April 2017
As of 1 April 2017, migrants with the Georgian nationality are excluded from voluntary return assistance from IOM under the REAN programme. Migrants who signed their application for voluntary departure from the Netherlands before 1 April 2017, remain eligible for this assistance.
Changes in REAN Programme as of 1 January 2017
Migrants from visa free countries will in principle no longer be eligible for voluntarily departure assistance from IOM under the ‘Return and Emigration Assistance from the Netherlands’ (REAN) programme per 1 January 2017. Migrants who have applied for voluntary return with IOM before 1 January 2017, are still entitled to REAN assistance.
Migrants from countries sharing a border with the EU will no longer eligible be for the cash and/or in kind support contribution. Migrants who have applied for voluntary return with IOM before 1 January 2017, are still entitled to the cash and/or in kind contribution if they meet all other conditions.
Migrants from Mongolia will no longer be eligible for cash and/or in kind reintegration support. They are still entitled to the financial support contribution under REAN (OSB). Mongolians who have applied for voluntary return with IOM before 1 January 2017, are still entitled to cash and/or in kind reintegration support if they meet all other conditions.
Central African Republic
China (except Hong Kong)
Democratic Republic of Congo
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Mongolia (except Dublin) claims)
Papua New Guinea
Russia (except Dublin claims)
Sao Tome and Principe
Syrian Arab Republic
United Arabic Emirates
Wallis and Futuna
West Bank and Gaza Strip
Currently, IOM cannot assist Syrian migrants with their voluntary return to Syria.
If Syrian migrants wish to voluntarily return to /resettle in a third country, such as Turkey or Lebanon, they can however contact IOM. A precondition for this is that the person is/may come in possession of a long-term/permanent residence permit in that third country. Whether the conditions are met can be evaluated in each individual case. Based on the type of residence permit, IOM can look if the migrant may be assisted in the return / resettlement. IOM can also assist Syrians with an asylum status in the Netherlands with services aimed at family reunification.
Nationals from countries mentioned below are not eligible for REAN support:
Republic of Korea
United Arab Emirates
Unites States of America
folder REAN information sheets in several languages
IOM the Netherlands information sheet English
IOM the Netherlands information sheet Dutch
The WorldTools 2015-2018 project offers support to migrants who want to return to their country of origin. The project combines the services of Dutch NGO Stichting Wereldwijd with IOM’s reintegration assistance. The support that can be given to migrants wishing to return to their countries of origin consists of:
- Materials, tools and machines from Wereldwijd to start a small business in countries of origin. If required, Wereldwijd offers migrants a basic professional training (e.g. welding) and the development of a plan of action.
- Assistance with reintegration from IOM in countries of origin and, if requested by the migrant and Wereldwijd.
During IOM consultations the IOM Project Officer will share information about the WorldTools project. Interested migrants can make an appointment for an intake with Wereldwijd about wishes and ideas with regard to starting up a business and the possibility of selecting items necessary for the specific business set up as well as a short training. The box with materials, tools and machines will be sent to the migrant after his or her departure from the Netherlands.
Below you can download folders in several languages
Migrants who are not allowed to stay in the Netherlands may be placed in administrative detention by the government, to prepare them for their departure from the Netherlands. IOM wants to reach out to migrants in administrative detention to inform them about voluntary return to their countries of origin.
IOM staff is present in all centres for administrative detention, to provide migrants with the relevant information and, if desired, to support them with their preparations for return.
IOM for example assists migrants with their application for travel documents and the process of booking and paying for tickets IOM can also arrange medical assistance. In some cases, IOM can provide financial support.
A migrant in administrative detention wishing to discuss his or her individual options can directly contact an IOM Project Officer. IOM is represented in all centres for alien detention. Appointments can also be made by completing a so-called 'sprekersbriefje' at the detention centre. IOM can be contacted directly by telephone: + 31 (0)88 746 44 66
To help migrants in detention to reach a decision about their return IOM produced the film 'Caged', which gives a realistic view of the situation migrants in detention are in and the choices open to them.
You can watch the Caged Video here:
AVRR-NL for Undocumented Migrants
The AVRR-NL project also focuses on undocumented migrants living in the Netherlands. Undocumented migrants can easily end up in a vulnerable position. IOM's counselors try to get in touch with the target group to discuss the future, to inform them about the possibilities of IOM's Voluntary Return Projects, or by referring them to other organizations. The counsellors meet migrants in accessible locations and provide information in different languages.
Are you eligible for Return Assistance?
Check the conditions below!
- You are a national of one of the countries listed below.
- Your intention is to leave the Netherlands permanently.
- You do not have the means to cover the costs of your return.
- You have a valid travel document or you are able to obtain one.
- You have not received return assistance from IOM or the Dutch Government in the past 5 years.
- You agree to end your residence permit or withdraw from the procedure for one before you leave the Netherlands.
- The Government of the Netherlands does not have objections to your departure from the Netherlands.
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Central African Republic
Congo, Democratic Republic of the
Gambia (Republic of The)
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Papua New Guinea
Sao Tomé and Principe
Syrian Arab Republic
|Nationals of countries highlighted are not
eligible for Reintegration Assistance.
However, vulnerable migrants from these countries
may qualify for special assistance and services.
|Download this list in PDF|
Info Sheets Rean
IOM assists migrants for third country resettlement under the REAN programme.
In order to participate the migrant must already have obtained a permanent residence permit for the destination country. Resettlement under the REAN programme is defined as: the departure of migrants without a permit of residence in the Netherlands to a third country where the migrants have not previously (legally) resided and where admission has been granted. When a residence permit in the Netherlands is withdrawn, either by the migrant or by the Dutch authorities, it is possible to participate to the IOM resettlement programme.
The criteria for participating to the IOM resettlement programme are:
- all the REAN eligibility criteria;
- the migrant is responsible for obtaining a residence permit in the destination country. IOM does not assist the migrant during the application process in filling or translating forms;
- the migrant has already obtained an original and official permanent residence permit for the destination country;
- the migrant has never previously legally resided in the destination country;
- resettlement programmes which require capital investment do not qualify for assistance and departure with IOM.
IOM assists eligible migrants under the resettlement programme with:
- information about resettlement;
- reimbursement of the mandatory fees for obtaining a permanent residence permit;
- a flight to the destination country;
- a financial allowance in order to meet the first needs after arrival from the Netherlands;
- assistance during check-in and boarding at Schiphol airport.
Next to providing assistance upon departure from the Netherlands, IOM grants a financial allowance (OSB) under the REAN programme ranging from €200* for each adult or unaccompanied minor and an extra allowance for each underage child travelling ranging from €40*.
For more information, go to the REAN programme page.
Reintegration programme for resettlement
Migrants who resettle to another country can receive a complementary reintegration allowance from the AVRR-NL project. Migrants participating to refugee resettlement programmes sponsored by the destination country are not eligible for the reintegration allowance.
Application for the resettlement programme
Please note that the resettlement procedure can take up to 6 – 18 months before approval, depending on the procedure of the destination country. Upon a negative decision in an asylum case the migrant has little time left for arranging his departure from the Netherlands. It is very important to submit the resettlement application timely.
For more information about the REAN programme and the resettlement eligibility criteria with IOM you can call 088- 746 44 66
The return of migrants with a health indication requires special attention. IOM can provide individual assistance in addition to the provisions based on the REAN programme.
Depending on the advice of the doctor and requests of the migrant, the assistance provided by IOM may consist of the following:
- Research availability and costs of medical care in the country of origin (CoO);
- Departure, transit and arrival assistance;
- Limited budget for medical expenditures in CoO;
- Reintegration assistance for migrants with a chronic indication;
- Referral to medical institutions in CoO;
- Social or medical escort if required;
- Handover to family or health care facility
For more information, contact:
P.O. box 10796
2501 HT The Hague
Reaching Out to:
Victims of human trafficking often have specific requests about their voluntary return to countries of origin. Due to their vulnerable position, the involvement of police and counselling organizations and fear of reprisals, the return of victims of trafficking requires careful preparation. IOM assists the return of victims of trafficking from non-Western countries and Member States that joined the EU from 1 May 2014 .
Assistance Offered by IOM to Victims of Trafficking:
IOM in the Netherlands can offer the below assistance to victims of trafficking who return voluntarily,in cooperation with IOM in the country of origin.
- Advice and information about return during one of our counselling hours or at the shelter.
- Assistance in obtaining a travel document.
- IOM arranges and pays for travel.
- Assistance at Schiphol airport with a fast check in procedure.
- Arrival assistance at the airport in the country of origin and onward transportation to the final
- Additional accompaniment during travel for unaccompanied minor children.
- Support in case of medical problems.
- Contacting family in the country of origin.
- Assistance with finding appropriate accommodation.
- Reintegration assistance in the country of origin.
All victims of trafficking are entitled to receive 200 Euro return allowance in cash from the REAN programme.
On top of that, victims of trafficking from EU Member States can receive an in kind reintegration budget of 500 Euro, to be used in goods or services in the country of origin.
Victims of trafficking from other countries are entitled to reintegration assistance from the AVRR-NL project. They can receive an in kind budget of 1800 Euro per adult or 2800 Euro per child, of which max. 300 Euro can be received in cash.
All returnees receive a letter with the agreements made about the support they will receive from IOM the Netherlands after their return. The address and contact person of the IOM in the country of origin to assist with the implementation of the in kind support are also mentioned in this letter.
Ilse Waindrich / Lisa van de Pol
Antigua and Barbuda
Germany (Federal Republic of)
Macedonia (former Yugoslav Republic)
Saints Kitts and Nevis
The REAN programme (Return and Emigration Assistance from the Netherlands) supports migrants with voluntary return to the country of origin or migration to a third country where permanent residence is guaranteed (resettlement). This programme is financially supported by the Dutch Government.
All migrants residing in the Netherlands are eligible for support for voluntary departure, if they meet all following conditions:
- The applicant:
- does not have the financial means to pay for the departure and intends to leave the Netherlands permanently.
- has not departed from the Netherlands with IOM’s nor the Dutch government’s assistance in the last five years.
- has (or will have) a valid travel document.
- is not a national of a country that is excluded from REAN assistance (see REAN country list).
- agrees to terminate or withdraw the residence permit (procedure) prior to departure from the Netherlands
- The government of the Netherlands does not have objections to the departure from the Netherlands.
What kind of support does IOM offer to a migrant under REAN?
- Consultation and information about voluntary departure in the language of the migrant.
- Logistical and financial support to plan the journey
- Assistance with obtaining a travel document and reimbursement of the associated costs.
- Assistance at Schiphol airport with the departure and, if required, during transit and at the arrival airport.
- In many cases a financial allowance to cover expenses in the first period after departure from the Netherlands (see section Financial Contributions).
- Extra support is offered to unaccompanied minors, victims of trafficking and migrants with medical concerns.
Support with obtaining travel documents
IOM informs migrants about obtaining a travel document and, if required, supports migrants with the request for obtaining a travel document. Nevertheless, the migrant remains responsible for obtaining a travel document. The addresses of embassies and consulates are published on the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Migrants who are eligible for voluntary departure from the Netherlands with support of IOM are eligible for a financial allowance of 200 Euros per adult/unaccompanied minor and 40 Euros per accompanied minor to sustain initial needs after arrival in the country of origin.
Nationals from the following countries are only eligible for limited financial allowance of 100 Euros per adult/unaccompanied minor and 40 Euros per accompanied child if the applicant does not have the financial means to travel further form the airport to the final destination after arrival:
Algeria, Albania, Belarus, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Egypt, Kosovo, Lebanon, Morocco, Montenegro, Northern Macedonia, Russian Federation, Serbia, Tunisia and Turkey.
In addition to the REAN support, migrants can be eligible for receiving financial and/or in-kind support for reintegration in the country of origin. The in-kind support is facilitated by the IOM office in the country of origin and can be used for starting/investing in a business, educational purposes, or, if required, partially for housing. During counselling eligibility for assistance to the migrant will be assessed..
More information or submit an application for voluntary return?
Download here the REAN information sheet in different languages.
More details about the possibilities of support for departure from the Netherlands per target group can be found in the dropdown menu.
In case you wish to receive more information about the possibilities in case of return to the country of origin or to make use of the REAN regulation, you can visit one of the consultation hours or contact us via e-mail or telephone.
Voluntary Return from the Netherlands
IOM supports migrants who voluntarily return to their country of origin or migrate to a third country where permanent residence is guaranteed (resettlement).
From the Netherlands, IOM cooperates with IOM offices in more than a 100 countries all over the world to assist migrants before, during and after the journey. Throughout the country IOM hosts consultation hours to speak to migrants and provide information without obligation regarding voluntary return to the country of origin or resettlement to a third country. An appointment with IOM can be made via the general phone number.
Basic support for voluntary departure from the Netherlands, such as a flight ticket and assistance to obtain a travel document, is offered under the REAN programme. In addition, IOM provides reintegration assistance through its programme Assisted Voluntary Return. Complementary support is given to vulnerable migrants, such as migrants with medical conditions, victims of trafficking, and unaccompanied minors.
Click here for an overview of IOM’s return and reintegration programmes.
For a complete overview of return and reintegration programmes, click here.