EU Migrant, Refugee Arrivals by Land and Sea Approach One Million in 2015

Greece - IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix reports that a total of 990,671 migrants and refugees have entered Europe in 2015 from Africa and the Middle East by a combination of irregular land and sea routes.
Analysts noted that land crossings into Greece and Bulgaria from Turkey now total fewer than 35,000 – or less than 3 per cent of the year’s total irregular arrivals.

  Sea Land Total
Greece 801,919 4,256 806,175
Bulgaria   29,959 29,959
Italy 150,317   150,317
Spain 3,845   3,845
Malta 106   106
Cyprus 269   269
TOTAL 956,456 34,215 990,671

With about two weeks remaining on the calendar, it is virtually certain 2015’s total will surpass the one million mark, which would be nearly five times 2014’s total.  IOM of course is very concerned about the high number of sea fatalities likely to accompany this continuing flow of migrants and refugees.

Arrivals by sea and deaths in the Mediterranean: 1 January – 17 December 2015

Country of Arrival Arrivals Deaths
Italy 150,317 (IOM est.) 2,889 (Central Med route)
Malta 106
Greece 801,919 706(Eastern Med route)
Cyprus 269
Spain 3,845 100(Western Med and Western African routes)
Estimated Total 956,456 3,695

Thus far in the month of December, 35 migrants – among them over a dozen minors – have drowned in the waters off Greece. Today’s count brings to over 700 the number of fatalities off Greece or Turkey this year.
By comparison, IOM’s Missing Migrants project www.mmp.iom.int  reported there had been a total of 264 deaths off Greece through October 16. So the 706 deaths reported in the Aegean through December 16 means there have been over 420 drownings in just over 60 days, an average of seven per day.
We should add that 706 deaths of migrants and refugees crossing from Turkey to Greece are more fatalities than occurred in the entire Mediterranean in all of 2013, the year this emergency began to attract international attention.
Despite ever colder temperatures and dangerous sea conditions daily arrivals to Greece’s Aegean islands continue to run in the thousands. A remarkably high number of migrant flows have been recorded on Greek islands.
As the chart below shows demonstrates, on Tuesday (15/12) nearly 4,300 migrants and arrivals arrived, with over two thirds landing on Lesbos.

Point of Arrival Arrivals (Data from IOM & Greek police on the islands) Rescues (Data from Greek Coast Guard)
Lesbos 2,949 206
Samos 382 -
Chios 656 -
A’ Dodecanese    
Rhodes 18 -
Symi 19 19
Tilos - -
Megisti 67 53
Chalki - -
B’ Dodecanese    
Kos 123 -
Kalymnos 79 -
TOTAL 4,293 278

In 2015 just over 800,000 migrants and refugees arrived in Greece by sea through December 16. During December alone, some 57,000 migrants arrived and approximately 45,000 (80 per cent) left by crossing the border into the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM).

With many migrants now being turned back at the FYROM border, IOM Greece is expanding its outreach to growing numbers of migrants now stranded in Greek government reception centres in Athens. It offers them free assisted voluntary return to their countries of origin.

For the latest updates on arrivals and fatalities in the Mediterranean please visit: www.Migration.iom.int/Europe
See the updated sitrep here
For further information please contact IOM HQ: Joel Millman, Tel: + 41 79 103 87 20,
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.   or Daniel Esdras at IOM Greece, Tel: +30 210 9912174, Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or Kelly Namia, Tel: +302109919040, +302109912174, Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
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